What is the Vacuum Plating Processing Of Make Hardware Accessories


The world of fashion and functionality often intersects in the realm of accessories, particularly in the intricate hardware that adorns our favorite bags and cases. These small but significant pieces are not just about aesthetics; they are about enduring quality and resilience. One of the most innovative and effective methods to enhance the durability and appearance of these hardware accessories is through vacuum plating processing. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the depths of vacuum plating, exploring its processes, benefits, applications, and more.

What is Vacuum Plating?

Vacuum plating, or physical vapor deposition (PVD), represents a cutting-edge technique for finishing metal accessories. This method differs from traditional plating, which dips pieces in a liquid solution, by performing in a controlled, vacuum-sealed environment. It not only provides superior quality and finish but also stands as a more environmentally friendly option compared to conventional electroplating


What is the advantages of Vacuum Plating than traditional water plating?

Various industries, including manufacturing, electronics, and jewelry, widely use Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) and traditional water (or electroplating) processes for coating and finishing However, PVD offers several significant advantages over water plating:

Environmental Friendliness:

PVD is a more environmentally friendly process. Unlike water plating, which often uses and potentially releases hazardous chemicals into the environment, PVD operates in a vacuum and doesn’t require the same harmful chemical solutions. This results in less toxic waste and a lower environmental impact.

Coating Durability:

The process of vacuum plating for making hardware accessories. They bond at a molecular level to the substrate, creating a coating that is highly resistant to corrosion, wear, and tarnishing. This is particularly beneficial in applications where long-lasting finish and durability are crucial, such as in aerospace or medical devices.

Thickness Control and Uniformity:

The PVD process allows for precise control over the thickness of the coating, leading to a more uniform finish. This is especially important in applications where even a small variation in coating thickness can affect performance or aesthetics.

PVD Coating Surface Testing Lab

Versatility in Materials and Colors:

PVD can deposit a wide range of metals, allowing for a greater variety of finishes in terms of colors and textures. This versatility is highly valuable in decorative applications, such as in the fashion and automotive industries.

Heat Resistance:

PVD coatings can withstand higher temperatures compared to traditional water-plated coatings. This makes them suitable for high-temperature applications and reduces the risk of degradation or discoloration over time.

Improved Adhesion:

Due to the nature of the PVD process, the coatings tend to have better adhesion to the substrate. This reduces the risk of peeling or chipping, which is a common issue with some water-plated coatings.

Minimal Impact on Substrate Properties:

PVD coatings are thinner and applied at lower temperatures than traditional electroplating. This causes less change to the base material’s physical and heat-related properties, important for precise applications

Reduced Waste and Lower Water Usage:

PVD doesn’t use big chemical and water baths, so it creates less waste and uses less water. This is good for the environment and can also lower waste disposal and water treatment costs.

In short, PVD and water plating both play roles in manufacturing and finishing. However, PVD stands out for its eco-friendliness, durable coatings, accuracy, variety, and less impact on materials. These perks are making it more popular for high-tech and demanding uses. Soocci Accessories has set up a full PVD plating line. If you have questions, please contact us. In making metal hardware, MIM and PVD are key in the bag metal hardware industry

Step-by-Step Process of Vacuum Plating

  1. Pre-Treatment: The first step involves preparing the surface of the hardware. This includes cleaning to remove any dirt, oil, or existing coatings. Techniques such as degreasing, sandblasting, or etching are commonly employed.
  2. Base Coating Application: To ensure better adhesion of the metal coat, a base layer is applied. This layer often comprises materials that enhance the bonding between the substrate and the metal.
  3. Metal Deposition: At the heart of vacuum plating is the deposition phase. In a vacuum chamber, metal is vaporized through processes like sputtering or evaporation. The vaporized metal then condenses on the hardware, forming a thin, uniform coating.
  4. Top Coating: To protect the metal layer, a top coating is applied. This layer not only safeguards against wear and tear but can also impart additional qualities like enhanced color or glossiness.
  5. Curing and Finishing: The final step involves curing the coatings, often using heat or UV light. This is followed by a meticulous polishing process, resulting in a smooth and shiny finish.

Advantages of Vacuum Plating

  • Durability: Vacuum plated coatings are exceptionally durable and resistant to corrosion, tarnishing, and wear.
  • Aesthetics: This process enables high control over the finish, yielding visually appealing accessories.
  • Environmental Friendliness: Vacuum plating is eco-friendlier than traditional methods, typically using fewer hazardous chemicals.
  • Versatility: It can plate a wide range of metals, offering many aesthetic and functional options.

Applications in the Fashion Industry

The fashion industry, especially in the manufacturing of high-end bags and cases, extensively uses vacuum plating. The process is ideal for embellishing zippers, buckles, clasps, and other metal hardware with a luxurious and durable finish.

Challenges and Considerations

While vacuum plating offers numerous benefits, it also comes with its set of challenges. The initial setup cost for vacuum plating can be significant, and the process requires skilled technicians. Additionally, the choice of materials and the specific requirements of the hardware need careful consideration to ensure optimal results.


Vacuum plating processing has revolutionized the way we approach the finishing of hardware accessories. With its blend of aesthetic appeal and functional superiority, it stands as a testament to the advancements in modern manufacturing techniques. As technology continues to evolve, we can expect even more innovative applications of vacuum plating in various industries.


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